Japan is one of the world’s major economic and cultural powers. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it’s Asian neighbors include the People’s Republic of China, North Korea, South Korea, Russia and Taiwan.Japan is an archipelago consisting of four major islands called HonshÅ«, HokkaidÅ, KyÅ«shÅ« and Shikoku and over 3000 smaller islands. Japan is one of the leading nations in the fields of scientific research, particularly technology, machinery and biomedical research. Japan’s global technological contributions can be found in the fields of automobiles, chemicals, electronics, earthquake engineering, machinery,. . optics,. semiconductors, metals and industrial robotics.